These state initiatives, along with low-labor costs, have fueled China’s high economic growth and made its economy very reliant on government spending. Recently, the Chinese government has been making strides to focus its economic efforts to create a consumer-driven economy in order to have a sustainable and steady growth in the near future.
Ever since China has opened itself to the outside world for trade they have experienced massive economic development. However, over the past few decades this development has taken place in an uneven way. As coastal China became the world’s largest manufacturing hub, it made millions of people move from inland agricultural areas to the industrial coast in order to be able to take on manufacturing jobs. Many of China’s coastal cities experienced major population growth such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. The expansion of the service sector and private enterprises, especially small and midsize businesses resulted in increased household incomes and provided a social safety net for millions of people. China still has tremendous potential to shift millions of more people in its vast rural area from agriculture to manufacturing. The rising labor costs in Coastal China has been driving manufacturers to inland locations where there is no, or limited infrastructure. This new trend in China’s economy is bringing both advantages and new challenges. Moving production to inland locations, manufacturers get to keep the production cost under control and sustain their competitiveness. On the other hand, the new challenge is now to transport the goods to inland hubs and coastal ports where they can be circulated to Chinese and international markets.
It has now become very crucial for Chinese manufacturers and international shippers to have consistent and reliable service in and out of these inland areas. As we proceed over the next decade we will see a great value being placed on those logistics services that will get the finished products to the coast and to the ports. We will see an increase in service providers that can handle the transportation in and out of these new locations. This new trend will benefit river/waterway shipping and road transports by truck. For international shipments average transit time for pre-carriage will decrease as well. The logistics services and coast to inland transportation lanes will become much more sophisticated. We will see an expansion of new logistics hubs and centers in inland locations. Amidst all of this, finished goods will keep on being shipped and will be serving the china market as well as the international market.